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Harmonium (India)

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume II : Performance and Production

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...The harmonium was introduced into India in the mid-nineteenth century. It was the small portable version of the harmonium originally used by missionaries that became common in both popular and classical forms of Indian music. The harmonium...

Fiddle (US)

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume II : Performance and Production

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...‘Fiddle’ is the colloquial name for the violin, in reference particularly to its use as a vernacular dance instrument and generally to its use in folk and popular music. During the Middle Ages, the term ‘fiddle’ came to refer to one...

Steel Band

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume II : Performance and Production

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...A steel band is an ensemble comprising steel drums or pans, instruments generally fabricated from oil or chemical barrels. Several different types of pans are included, each with its own register of notes. A lead or tenor pan is made from...

Barrel Organ

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume II : Performance and Production

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...‘Barrel organ’ describes a mechanical instrument of the pipe-organ family in which the musical program is represented by projecting pins and staple-like bridges onto the surface of a slowly rotating barrel or cylinder. Commonly...

Walking Bass

Garry Tamlyn

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David Horn

David Horn was a founding editor of the journal Popular Music and a founding member of IASPM (The International Association for the Study of Popular Music). He was Director of the Institute of Popular Music at the University of Liverpool from 1988 until his retirement in 2002. Together with the blues scholar Paul Oliver he first proposed the idea of EPMOW in the 1980s, and has worked on the project since that time. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume II : Performance and Production

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...‘Walking bass’ is a metaphor that denotes a technique used by performers on the double bass or electric bass involving a line of plucked notes that ‘step’ from one to the other. Occurring either in a solo or in an accompaniment, a walking...

Batá Drums

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume II : Performance and Production

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...The batá drum began to find a place as an instrument of popular music only toward the end of the twentieth century. With increasing interest in world music and specifically in Afro-Caribbean music, batá drums started to be used...

Picking Bow/Mouth Bow

Paul Oliver

Paul Oliver is a Fellow of Oxford Brookes University. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume II : Performance and Production

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...A cave painting, dating back to approximately 15,000 B.C. and discovered at Trois-Frères, France, depicts a masked dancer, probably a huntsman or a shaman, playing a musical bow. Also known as a mouth bow or tune bow, the musical bow...

Drum Rudiments

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume II : Performance and Production

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...Often called the ‘building blocks of drumming’ and equated with the scales played on melodic instruments, drum rudiments consist of short rhythmic phrases with specific stickings. Rudiments first developed in the military bands...

Drum Machine

Paul Théberge

Paul Theberge is a Professor cross-appointed to the Institute for Comparative Studies in Literature, Art and Culture (where he was formerly Canada Research Chair and Director) and to the School for Studies in Art and Culture (Music) at Carleton University, Canada. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume II : Performance and Production

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...Drum machines have made a significant contribution to the sound and style of a wide variety of pop music genres since the late 1970s. Unlike electronic drums, which are usually played in a conventional manner with sticks, a drum machine...

Snare Drum

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume II : Performance and Production

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...The snare drum can be traced back 250 years to the tabor and the side drum. These earlier instruments were generally very large and were used exclusively for military purposes. In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, the side drum...