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Heavy Metal in Europe

Ross Hagen

Ross Hagen is Assistant Professor of Music Studies at Utah Valley University Orem, USA. His research interests include black metal, music fan cultures, avant-garde music, and musical medievalism. He is also a bassist and composer in several black metal bands. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume XI : Genres: Europe

Bloomsbury Academic, 2017

Encyclopedia Articles

...Although heavy metal music (often known simply as metal) has been a global and transnational entity almost since its inception in the late 1960s and early 1970s, many of its defining characteristics were solidified by bands and musicians...