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  • Lee Scratch Perry
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...Lee Perry OD, also known as “Scratch” and “The Upsetter,” is a Jamaican record producer and reggae singer. Perry has influenced the Jamaican pop music genre and is considered the inventor of the reggae rhythm through his use of sampling...

—Black Ark (Jamaica)

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume I : Media, Industry and Society

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...Black Ark was a short-lived (1974-80) recording studio owned and operated by legendary Jamaican popular music innovator Lee (‘Scratch,’ ‘the Upsetter’) Perry. It was a ‘home studio,’ operating out of a small, unassuming outbuilding erected...

Cut, Mix ’n’ Rewind

Julian Henriques

Julian Henriques is Director of the Topology Research Unit, Convenor of the MA Scriptwriting program, and former Joint Head of the Department of Media and Communications at Goldsmiths University, London. He is author of Changing the Subject (1998), and Sonic Bodies (Bloomsbury, 2011), and his sound sculpture titled Knots & Donuts (2011) is on display at the Tate Modern. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Sonic Bodies : Reggae Sound Systems, Performance Techniques, and Ways of Knowing

Continuum, 2011

Scholarly Books

...This chapter locates the selector’s performance techniques of cutting, mixing and rewinding in the broader context of modernist performance and creative techniques, included in both avant-garde and popular traditions, as with Hip Hop...


Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume III : Locations: Caribbean and Latin America

Continuum, 2016

Encyclopedia Articles

...Population: 2,695, 867 (2003) Jamaica is an island of 4,411 sq miles (11,425 sq km) located in the northern Caribbean. Its nearest neighbors are Cuba and Haiti. The capital of Jamaica is Kingston. ‘Kingston’ usually...