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...Cayetano César Concepción Martínez (or simply César Concepción) was a Puerto Rican composer and orchestra leader. He popularized the Puerto Rican music style of plena and introduced it to Latin American ballroom dancing. Born on July 28...
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...From the 1960s through the 1980s, Puerto Rican salsa singer Héctor Lavoe helped to establish the form as a global phenomenon. He was born into a musical family in Ponce in 1946. Lavoe’s father wanted his son to learn the trombone...
...The career trajectory of Rafael Cortijo saw the percussionist take Puerto Rican proletarian idioms and spread them across the island. Born in Santurce, Puerto Rico in 1928, as a youth Cortijo learned how to make his own traditional drums...
...Nicknamed “Maelo,” and called “El Sonero Mayor” by Cuban singer Beny Moré, Ismael Rivera was born on October 5, 1931, in Santurce, Puerto Rico. Rivera was influenced by the Puerto Rican sounds of music at a young age: his mother would sing...
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...Roberto “Bobby” Valentín, born on June 9, 1941, in Puerto Rico, is considered to be “El Rey del Bajo”—the “king of the bass”—and a contemporary figure in the salsa genre. Inspired and subsequently taught by his father, Valentín started...

Baquiné (also baquiní)

George Torres

George Torres, PhD, is associate professor of music at Lafayette College, Easton, PA, where he teaches courses in music history and literature. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Encyclopedia of Latin American Popular Music

ABC-CLIO, LLC, 2013

Scholarly Books

...In the Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico, baquiné refers to a specific variety of forms of Latin American celebrations held for the wake of an infant or child. Children’s wakes have been practiced throughout most of Latin America...

Güiro

George Torres

George Torres, PhD, is associate professor of music at Lafayette College, Easton, PA, where he teaches courses in music history and literature. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

Search for publications

Encyclopedia of Latin American Popular Music

ABC-CLIO, LLC, 2013

Scholarly Books

...The güira and güiro are the names given to a range of Latin American percussion instruments of the scraper variety. Güiros are cylindrical notched idiophones that are made in many different sizes, but most are roughly about a foot in length...

Salsatón

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume IX : Genres: Caribbean and Latin America

Bloomsbury Academic, 2014

Encyclopedia Articles

...Salsatón (or salsaton) is a hybrid, transnational music that integrates elements and artists of two popular musical genres with strong Puerto Rican connections, salsa and reggaeton (reggaetón). These two genres are among a number across...

Requinto

George Torres

George Torres, PhD, is associate professor of music at Lafayette College, Easton, PA, where he teaches courses in music history and literature. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Encyclopedia of Latin American Popular Music

ABC-CLIO, LLC, 2013

Scholarly Books

...Requinto is a term used in both Spanish and Portuguese to refer to a small instrument that is tuned to a higher range. The most common usage for requinto is for guitar-type instruments, although there exists a high drum used in Puerto Rican...

Cuatro

George Torres

George Torres, PhD, is associate professor of music at Lafayette College, Easton, PA, where he teaches courses in music history and literature. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

Search for publications

Encyclopedia of Latin American Popular Music

ABC-CLIO, LLC, 2013

Scholarly Books

...The term cuatro is used for any of the several varieties of Latin American guitar-type instruments. The word cuatro means four in Spanish, and while it may refer to the number of strings or courses (sets of doubled strings to be stopped...