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Pennywhistle (Africa)

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume II : Performance and Production

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...Played by urban black South Africans from the early 1900s, pennywhistles were first used extensively in the 1930s and 1940s by the ‘Scottishes’ – bands of youths who, playing pennywhistles and drums, imitated the dress and marching...